Why not start the new year with a
bang and disillusion my readers at the same time? For this year’s annual post on the best movie
I reviewed in the past year, I have chosen a movie that will surprise many. The best war movie I reviewed this past year
was the extended version of “All Quiet on the Western Front” (1979). Before you book me for the insane asylum, be
aware that the movie won the Golden Globe for Made for TV Movie. It also was nominated for six Emmys including
Outstanding Drama or Comedy Special. It
was directed by Delbert Mann. He filmed
the movie in Czechoslovakia, which was a rare locale considering this was
before the Iron Curtain came down.
SPOILER ALERT: Because most of
my readers will have already seen the original and/or read the book, I am going
to summarize the movie and comment on the scenes. Skip to the review if you are not familiar
with the story.
The movie opens with the opening
statement from the novel: “This story is
to be neither an accusation nor a confession…”
We get a crane view of trenches.
They are zig-zagged, with barbed wire and sand bags. A Czech field has been molded into an excellent
no man’s land replete with the remnants of trees. Paul (Richard Thomas) narrates and introduces
his squad. Some are Paul’s classmates,
who are new to the war and see it as a bump on the road to their futures. The other characters in the group are
veterans like Kat (Ernest Borgnine) who have been scarred by the war. It is obvious the movie will whittle down
this band and it starts with an ambitious battle scene. The Germans work their bolts as the French
approach their position. The sounds
include the tinkling of the barbed wire.
The iconic shot of the severed hands on the barbed wire is recreated so
you know there will be homage to the original.
The counterattack is followed by crane and tracking shots. It’s made for TV scale. The deaths are of the touchdown signaling
type, but otherwise the scene is a harbinger of the film’s attempt to do
justice to the source. The war’s
futility is embodied in this opening.
The movie has a nonlinear format
as it flashes back to Paul’s classroom where his teacher Kantorek (Donald
Pleasence) exhorts his class to be “iron youth” and do their duty to the
Fatherland. In a bit of foreshadowing,
Paul sketches a bird as Kantorek indoctrinates.
He personally pressures Paul as their leader. Tapping the theme that war will corrupt, he
offers Paul a cigarette, which he declines.
The boys march off to enlist enthusiastically. As boys were wont to do in 1914.
Paul and his mates visit
Kimmerich in the hospital. It is in a
church and is crowded and busy, but too quiet.
Hollywood seldom gets the noises of war right. Kimmerich (who was introduced as wanting to
be a forester) was wounded in the leg in the opening battle and has had his leg
amputated. His death is the first and
ends their innocence. His boots are
passed on. The movie recalls Paul’s
promise to Mrs. Kimmerich to keep her son alive.
At the training camp, Paul and
the others are introduced to Himmelstoss (Ian Holm) who is a cinematic drill
instructor. The recruits take umbrage to
his methods (which actually are pretty standard). A montage proves this. Himmelstoss is a dick, but what DI
isn’t? He takes a personal dislike for
Paul and punishes him for showing him up.
The core group wreaks revenge on their trainer and go off to war sated
and ready to make the Fatherland proud.
As they march off as soldiers, a new cadre of cannon fodder arrives. Heavy-handed,
but effective. In a reversal of the imagery, Paul and the others reach the
front and confront wounded soldiers at the depot. Sober up, boys! They meet Kat who immediately tells them to
forget everything they learned at boot camp.
Kat will become Paul’s mentor and friend. He takes the men on their first night
patrol. They witness horses caught in a
bombardment. Man’s inhumanity is not
limited to man. At this point, the movie
shifts to a series of vignettes from the book.
Poison gas takes a
replacement. As veterans, Paul and the
others are frustrated with the youngsters.
Himmelstoss arrives at the front in charge of some replacements. His hardened trainees disrespect him. Rank does not trump battle experience at the
front. In a dugout during a prolonged bombardment,
rookies panic, but the vets take it in stride.
Other dugout scenes give a taste of life in the trenches. Men sharpen entrenching tools to be used as
weapons. Some pick lice. There is a game involving pay-back on the
rats that plague them. The movie has
some nice touches of soldier humor.
In a night action, Paul is
trapped in a shell crater with a French soldier that he has wounded. Paul delivers a soliloquy on war’s effects on
the brotherhood of man. It is a powerful
indictment of war and very faithful to the novel. The Kaiser visits and gives a speech that
hearkens back to Kantorek’s classroom exhortation. In a commendable bow to history, the actor
portraying the Kaiser uses only his right hand to pin a medal on
Himmelstoss. (Kaiser Wilhelm II had a
withered left arm.)
Paul and two of his buddies have
their first sexual experience with some French girls in a chaste scene that
reminds you that they may be soldiers, but they are still seeking normal
maturation experiences. Paul and Albert
(David Bradley) are wounded in a bombardment and sent to a Catholic hospital. The sisters have the thankless task of lying
to the men to maintain morale. War
corrupts even the saintly. Paul recovers
and gets leave back home. His mother
(Patricia Neal) is dying of cancer, but is only concerned with his welfare. His
home town is a world away from the war.
The citizenry is seemingly unaffected by it. Paul’s father represents the clueless older
generation that debates strategy over their ales. A visit to Mrs. Kimmerich results in Paul
swearing on his own grave that her son died without pain. After all he has been through, Paul has kept
his humanity. A stop at his old
classroom finds Kantorek still propagandizing.
Paul reveals that the impressionable young man has become a cynic when
it comes to serving the Fatherland.
Before he returns to the front, Paul tries to write his mother a letter
telling her what it is really like. He
has changed and now is more comfortable with his buddies in the trenches. Death is now his life. The home front section excellently contrasts
the home front with its naivete to the war front with its brutality.
When Paul returns to his real
home, he finds that Kimmerich’s boots have now been passed on to Tjaden. The squad has been reduced to a few
survivors. But the movie is not done
with them yet. Eventually it is just
Paul and Kat. Kat is wounded by shrapnel
from a random artillery shell. Paul
carries him a long distance to an aid station only to find that Kat has passed
away from more random shrapnel. The
poignant scene is handled subtly. The
movie closes with Paul having assumed Kat’s role. He is now smoking cigarettes.
In a nifty reference to the classroom scene, Paul is sketching a bird when the
How do you compete against the
most revered war movie of all time? That
is the problem the 1979 version has had ever since it came out. This is unfair because this version was
simply an attempt to bring the classic war novel to a new generation. A generation that was not keen on watching an
old black and white movie. It also was
an attempt to bring the story to television.
When you consider the goals and don’t hold it to impossible standards,
it is actually a very worthy interpretation of the book. All of the scenes in the movie are straight
from the novel and faithful to it. Much
of the dialogue is straight from the book.
No characters are added and the ones that appear are well
developed. The members of the squad are
individuals and are fleshed out.
Obviously, Paul dominates, but it is a true ensemble effort. Paul’s arc from naïve recruit to cynical
veteran is powerful and reflects one of the novels main themes. Note that Paul declines to smoke cigarettes throughout
the movie, but in the final scene he has taken up the habit. Richard Thomas is outstanding and deserves
more credit for his acting than he got. Many
forget that he played two of the most iconic characters in war novel history
since he also starred in the remake of “The Red Badge of Courage” (1974). (This movie is one of my great white whales
as it is exceedingly hard to find.) The
cast is uniformly strong with Ernest Borgnine outstanding as Kat and Ian Holm
bringing gravitas to Himmelstoss.
Borgnine was nominated for a Best Supporting Actor Emmy, as was Patricia
Neal as Paul’s mother. You can justify
all you want the silent movie histrionics of the original film, but this
version has no cringeworthy performances.
Because of the nature of it
being a made for TV movie, the combat scenes are not epic. However, people forget that the novel does
not emphasize battles. Probably the most
important scene in the book is Paul’s encounter with Pierre Duval in the shell
crater. This movie handles that scene
perfectly. Watch it and tell me Thomas
is not Paul Baumer brought to life. No one can seriously claim that the scene in the original is better. The
effects are fine with the explosions and the sound effects showing a fidelity
to war on the Western Front. A lot of
effort went into the exteriors and interiors. The dugouts are claustrophobic and no man’s
land is cratered. The bombed-out villages contrast to the
untouched home front locations. Allyn
Ferguson’s score is used sparingly and does not try to steer the audience’s
It is hard to imagine that the
new “All Quiet…” (starring Daniel Radcliffe) will be superior to this
version. It is due in 2018 so we have
some time to get used to the idea. Harry
Potter’s casting is similar to the casting of John Boy Walton, so it could work
out in spite of doubts. However, I am not hopeful for the script due to the
fact that the writer-producers have proclaimed that it will be a Hollywood epic
and they are adding new story-lines. One
of the strengths of the 1979 version is its faithfulness to the original and to
the book. Although I strongly recommend
reading the book (as I have several times), the 1979 version is a great
alternative for you non-readers. Give it
a chance. Keep an open mind. It is possible for a remake to be decent,
albeit rare. “The Thing” comes to
mind. Ironically, that remake has about
the same death toll as “All Quiet…”